We should not develop rural collective economy with the thinking of supporting the “five guarantees”

At present, all parts of the country regard “developing and strengthening rural collective economy” as an important focus of rural vitalization.With regard to the development of the rural collective economy, I would like to make the following three suggestions to help relevant departments.A, photovoltaic yield is the fiscal transfer payment, unfavorable into for profit-making collective economic income in the Midwest, villages, suburban village, and with the mineral resources in the village on rent land and buildings will have some property income, and most of the rural collective economy income mainly rely on the government investment in the construction of village-level photovoltaic power station, for many of the village,Photovoltaic revenue is almost the only source of collective economic income.A few years ago, in order to make the poor villages fall out of the “per capita collective economic income” standard, basically each poor village built a village-level PHOTOVOLTAIC power station.In 2013, the National Development and Reform Commission defined the national subsidy standard for distributed pv as 0.42 yuan/KWH.The on-grid price of village-level PV power stations = 0.42 yuan + local subsidies + local desulfurized coal price (currently 0.3205 yuan per KWH).Take a city in central China as an example, the municipal financial subsidy for photovoltaic electricity price is 0.2 yuan/KWH.So, the on-grid price is 0.9405 yuan per KWH of electricity (including 0.62 yuan of government price subsidy).The total installed capacity of a village-level power station is 100 kw, and the total investment is more than 1 million yuan plus the supporting facilities required for grid connection. The total annual power generation is expected to be 110,000 KWH, just realizing the annual income of 100,000 yuan.The plant operates for one year, with depreciation cost of more than 50,000 yuan (based on the 20-year service life), electricity price subsidy of more than 60,000 yuan from the government, and financial investment of 110,000 yuan to create products of more than 30,000 yuan (based on the market price of desulfurized coal and electricity), realizing collective economic income of 100,000 yuan.Construction costs are fully borne by the government, income sources are mainly government subsidies, production depends on the sun, rather than collective members work together or cooperative management, where is the “management” activities of the village collective reflected?If the photovoltaic income is counted as the income of the rural collective economy, then the current rural collective economy has been reduced to the “five guarantees” provided by the government, what is the significance of development?With the aging and failure of photovoltaic structures year by year, the revenue of the power station shows a declining trend year by year.For example, in 2017, when a village centralized photovoltaic power station was newly connected to the grid, its monthly income could reach more than 12,000 yuan, but now it has dropped to more than 8,000 yuan.I judge that at present, we have reached the critical point where the income of village-level photovoltaic power stations (generally 100 kW) built intensively during the poverty alleviation campaign is less than 100,000 yuan.Rural collective economic income, mainly from photovoltaic income, is declining year by year, while the development indicators we set are used to rising year by year: 50 percent of villages with collective economic income of more than 100,000 five years ago, 70 percent three years ago, and 90 percent next year.However, our indicators can not delay the aging of photovoltaic panels, but also can not increase the time of sunlight, and the rural collective economy is indeed difficult to find a new way of growth.As a result of the majority of rural collective economic income has become an exogenous variable that cannot be controlled by the countryside itself, so, the level of collective economic income index, and whether it should be through fraud to complete the task concerned!Third, beware of misjudgment: the village living together may reduce the “collective economic income of more than 100,000 yuan village” ratio.If there are 200 administrative villages in County A in 2017, of which 100 are designated as state-designated poor villages, then even if the collective income of non-poor villages does not go up, the villages with collective economic income of 100,000 yuan in the whole county can reach 50%.If A county through A large number of village and living, by the 200 administrative villages merged into 100, the county has 100 photovoltaic power stations, the village is 1, is it possible to achieve 100% village collective economic income of 100,000 yuan?Macro book is such, but the actual situation is just the opposite.In the initial assessment of poverty-stricken villages, transportation conditions and population size were the first consideration, so they were mainly concentrated in contiguous mountainous areas.Close the village and live in the village, many are concentrated contiguous poor villages merge with each other.For example, 18 administrative villages in a township (all poor villages with photovoltaic power station income) were integrated into one administrative village.There is also a very common situation that village merger is also “favoureth the poor and the rich” : villages with photovoltaic power stations are unwilling to merge with villages without collective economic income, for fear of crowding out their own village photovoltaic income.Therefore, the interesting phenomenon of “flower arrangement and village” appeared.For example, five poor villages in a town do not want to merge with neighboring villages with weak collective economy, but skip the neighboring villages and choose to merge with a rich village.For the convenience of analysis, we simplify the model of village integration in County A: if 100 poverty-stricken villages are integrated into one village, then the collective economic income of the 101 administrative villages in County A with more than 100,000 yuan will not increase to 100%, but decrease to 1%.Agricultural conditions vary widely, want to master the actual situation, but also need to ask in agriculture.Recently there are a few public, basically completely copy the contents of the new agriculture, rural areas and farmers in order to let you received the first time the new agriculture, rural areas and farmers of the latest news faster find we don’t get lost ~ finger may recommend add star set-top new star to agriculture, rural areas and farmers account Settings as follows click click the blue account 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