He was the first jiangxi celebrity in the history, who had raised an army against The Qin Dynasty and enjoyed the kingdom for the longest time as the wang family of the early Han Dynasty


Jiangxi has many famous figures in its history.When it comes to the first jiangxi celebrity recorded in history, it should be Wu Rui, the poyang County magistrate in The Qin Dynasty and the first King of Changsha in the Western Han Dynasty.Wu Rui was born in Yugan County, Jiujiang County during the Qin Dynasty.Jiujiang county was originally one of the thirty-six counties established when the Qin Dynasty was unified.Later, Qin Shi Huang added and divided the counties into forty-eight counties.Jiujiang county northwest branch hengshan County, south of the large land division of Lujiang County, Jiujiang county only left this Anqing City, Ma on Shan City, Lu ‘an City, Huainan city part of the region.Lujiang county includes tongling city, Huangshan City and almost the whole area of Jiangxi Province in today’s southern Anhui province, and is located in Fanyang County (poyang County, Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province today).According to “Jiangxi Tongzhi”, Wu Rui was born in Wucai, Yugan County (now Dengdun, Yugan County, Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province). His father was Wu Shen, the sixth grandson of Fuchai, the king of Wu.Wu Shen was a man of noble integrity and had been a minister under king Kao Lie of Chu.Later, Because wu Shen had offended Huang Xie, Lord Chunshen of the state of Chu, he was relegated to Panyang.At that time, the people of Qi admired Wu Shen’s noble character and persuaded him to serve as an official in Qi.Unwilling to abandon his homeland, Wu Shen moved to live in the Wucai Mountain, eighty miles west of Yugan County.In addition, according to poyang County Records, When The First Emperor of Qin set up Panyang County, Wu Rui was appointed as the county magistrate of Panyang county.At the end of the Qin Dynasty, as the government’s harsh government became more and more severe, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang, who were responsible for escorting the people to the north for guarding the border, finally launched an uprising in daze Township, Suzhou City, Anhui Province. The great peasant uprising at the end of the Qin Dynasty broke out.Hearing this, Wu Rui, who was flowing with the blood of chu people, also rebelled against Qin in Panyang County.Wu Rui became the first county magistrate to take the initiative in the war against Qin.Wu Rui’s rebellion played a great role in disintegrating the local rule of the Qin Dynasty and inspiring the fighting spirit of the anti-Qin rebellion army.As a result, Wu Rui became so popular among the local people that even king Wuzhu of Minyue and King Rao of Donghai came to join his anti-Qin rebellion army with troops from present-day Fujian and southern Zhejiang.Because of his noble virtue, Wu Rui was also known as the “Prince of Fan”.Later, Wu Rui led his troops to the north and contacted Liu Bang, the duke of Pei, who had raised troops in Peixian county.When Liu Bang attacked the city of Wan (pronounced yuan), Wu Rui sent his generals, Mei 𠓶The two armies joined forces to capture The Qin Dynasty (xixia County, Henan) and Lisi (northwest of Nanyang city, Henan).Later, plum 𫓶 Also for this credit, liu Bang was awarded 100,000 households, becomeIn 206 BC, the anti-Qin allied forces with the cooperation of xiang Yu and Liu Bang captured xianyang, the capital of the Qin Dynasty.Xiang Yu conferred the title of vassal, and Liu Bang was crowned king of Han, ruling bashu and Hanzhong.Wu Rui was also awarded the title of King of Hengshan for leading the troops of Baiyue to assist the Dukes in opposing Qin and breaking the Hangu Pass (now Lingbao City, Sanmenxia, Henan).At this time, xiang Yu’s prefecture of Hengshan was located in Zhuxian county (one said it was in the jiangxia district of present-day Wuhan, Hubei province, the other said it was in the northwest of present-day Huanggang, Hubei Province, and HERE I prefer the latter).Because of his friendship with Liu Bang, Wu Rui helped Liu Bang defeat Xiang Yu during the Chu and Han Wars and became the founding soldier of the Western Han Dynasty.In 202 BC, Liu Bang became emperor and established the Han Dynasty.The following year, he issued an edict to change wu Rui as the king of Changsha on account of his achievements in opposing qin and destroying Xiang with his son and nephew.On paper, liu will (hong is now in changsha, hunan province), changsha county, yu zhang county (now nanchang of jiangxi province) where cure, like county in guangxi (cure is chung left), guilin county (now your port in guangxi) where cure, the south China sea county (now guangdong guangzhou) where cure six letter to Wu Rui county land, but in fact, due to the county has a letter to jiujiang Wang Yingbu yu zhang,In addition, Nanhai County, Guilin county and Xiangjun were actually controlled by Zhao Tuo, the king of South Yue. Therefore, Wurui actually had only one county of Changsha.The province of Changsha includes han River in the north and Jiuyi Mountain in the south, including the majority of hunan province and a small part of hubei, Jiangxi and Guangxi provinces.In the early western Han Dynasty, Changsha was in Linxiang County, which is today’s Changsha in Hunan province.As the capital of han dynasty vassal kingdom, Linxiang stands in the center of Changsha, with towering walls and lofty palaces. It is the residence of changsha Kings and the political, economic and military center of Changsha.It is recorded in notes to The Water Canon of Hunan: “In the fifth year of Emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty, Wu Rui was crowned king of Changsha, and rui built the city.”This is the earliest record of the establishment of Changsha in the existing literature.Although Wurui, the king of Changsha, only owns a county of Changsha, its geographical location is extremely important.To the east of Changsha was the Kingdom of Jiujiang of Yingbu, one of the eight Kings of the early Han Dynasty, who rebelled against Liu Bang and was executed.To the south of Changsha was the State of Nanyue, which was independent of the Han Dynasty.Since the turmoil at the end of the Qin Dynasty, Zhao Tuo, lieutenant of Longchuan County, Nanhai County of Qin Dynasty, declared himself king in the Lingnan region, and later even declared himself emperor.It can be said that The changsha state of Wu Rui was in the forefront of the southern line of the Han Dynasty, and the pressure of national defense was huge.Wu Rui became the queen of Changsha, set his mind on the development of local production, rest with the people, loved by the local people.He was also cautious and cautious, never posing a threat to Liu Bang’s Central government.Therefore, together with Zhang er, king of Changshan, he became the only king of a different surname who died well in the early Han Dynasty, and the only king of a different surname who was passed down to three generations later.One year after becoming king of Changsha, Wu Rui died of illness in 201 BC, posthumous title “King Wen”.His son Wu Chen succeeded him as king of Changsha.When the whole world raised troops against the Qin Dynasty, yingbu, who had been sentenced for breaking the law, had fled to Fan County to go to Wu Rui. Wu Rui appreciated his bravery and married his daughter yingbu, recognizing him as his son-in-law.Later, Yingbu led a rebellion and was defeated and fled by Liu Bang, emperor Gaozu of Han.At this moment, Wu Chen sent someone to tell Yingbu that he wanted to flee to Baiyue with yingbu for the sake of their relationship by marriage.Yingbu believed Wu Chen and fled to Panyang County.As a result, Yingbu was killed by the Panyang people in a farmhouse in zi Township.Thus, the rebellion of Wang Yingbu in Jiujiang was put down smoothly by the Han Dynasty.After Wu Rui and Wu Chen, the state of Changsha with different surnames was handed down for several generations.After The death of Wu Chen, his son Wu Hui succeeded him to the throne as ai King of Changsha.After the death of Wu Hui, his son Wu You succeeded to the throne as the King of Changsha.Wu You was succeeded by his son Wu Chai as jing King of Changsha.In 157 BC, seven years after emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty, the kingdom of Changsha was abolished because wu Chai had no legitimate descendants after his death.The state of Changsha, from Wu Rui to Wu Chai, was inherited for five generations and 56 years.When Wu Rui died, Liu Bang, emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, issued an edict to commend him for his loyalty and righteousness.When Emperor Hui and Empress Lu ruled the han Dynasty, the two concubines of Wu Rui were granted the title of li Hou, which was passed down for several generations.Although Liu Bang created seven different Kings in the early Han Dynasty, most of them did not last long. They were deposed or killed due to various crimes. Only Wu Rui, the king of Changsha, and his descendants survived for five generations.Later generations praised him for “making great achievements without arrogance, sitting on the throne but respectfully, not wantonly, loyal to the king”.In addition, perhaps the most important reason for wu Rui and his descendants to have a good death was their high status in the hearts of the people in Baiyue, and the western Han court needed to woo them to win over the people in Baiyue.Wu Rui was appointed queen of Changsha. She and her descendants continued to adhere to the idea of resting with the people and developing production. Hunan witnessed another economic prosperity after chu.When changsha was founded, there were only 25,000 households in Changsha county.In the Han dynasty, the average household production unit was five people per household, so changsha county had 125,000 people.In the second year of the reign of Emperor Ping of Han Dynasty, the population of Changsha county doubled to 43,470 households and 235,825 people.Besides population growth, the second great achievement of Wu Rui and his descendants in Changsha was the development of agriculture.For the traditional farming society, the development of social productivity is marked by the growth of population and labor force, followed by the development of agriculture.In the early Han Dynasty, the land area of Changsha was 210,000 square kilometers, and the cultivated land area was only 40,000 square kilometers if calculated according to “seven mountains, one water and two fields”.According to the 700,000 people in Changsha, Wuling, Lingling and Guiyang counties, the average arable land per person reaches 85 mu.This has changed the “vast land and sparse population” situation in Hunan since the Spring and Autumn period and warring States period.The agricultural and sideline products unearthed from the Tomb of Han Dynasty at Mawangdui in Changsha can further prove the development of agriculture in Changsha.Agricultural and by-products unearthed from mawangdui Han Tomb include 9 kinds of main grains, 10 kinds of fruits, 22 kinds of livestock, 6 kinds of fish, 7 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine…In addition, mawangdui Han Tomb also unearthed a large number of silk, such as silk, yarn and other 63 pieces, more than 40 pieces of clothing, in addition to 36 pieces of coarse and fine linen.Not only that, Changsha country at that time textile technology is also extremely superb.The plain yarn (single) garment unearthed from the Han Dynasty tomb in Mawangdui weighs only 49 grams, which is a miracle of nature.Some 700 lacquerware were also unearthed from the tomb.This shows that lacquerware has become the main appliance of daily life in Changsha area.These cultural relics all prove the prosperity of changsha handicraft industry at that time.The prosperity of agriculture and handicraft industry is the concrete proof of changsha’s economic prosperity at that time.In addition to economy, Changsha ideology and culture under the governance of Wu Rui and five generations of descendants is also very bright.A large number of ancient books, maps, Musical Instruments and astronomical monographs on ideology, culture, science, technology and art have been unearthed from the Mawangdui Han Tomb.Among them there are 26 pieces of silk, more than 100,000 words, including silk “Lao Zi”, “Yellow Emperor internal Classics”, “Warring States family letters” and other ancient books.Moreover, there are many differences between the unearthed cultural relics such as Laozi and Warring States Period Family Letters and the later versions, which provides us with great cultural relics research value to explore the early versions of these books.In addition, monographs on astronomy and biology of the qin and Han dynasties unearthed from the Tomb of The Han Dynasty in Mawangdui include Five Stars, Daoyin Map and The Classic of Looking at horses, etc. These books and cultural relics have become an important part of the “Mawangdui Science”.According to the statistics of relevant departments, there are as many as 35 cultural relics unearthed from Mawangdui, which are extremely rare among the unearthed tomb cultural relics in China and even the world.In short, Wu Rui and his descendants not only kept the zuo of changsha with a different name for the minister, but also vigorously developed the local economy and culture, which greatly promoted the local development of Hunan in the Han Dynasty and accelerated the local development.It can be said that Wu Rui, as a native of Jiangxi, was called “the first person in the history of Hunan-Jiangxi cooperation”.Later, jiang Shiquan, a scholar in the Qing Dynasty, paid homage to The Panjun Temple (Wurui Temple) in Poyang County, Poyang County, and wrote a poem praising it, saying, “Han Dynasty ruled the world to be a meritorious servant with a different surname and eight Kings.Said loyal only a Changsha king, all linxiang dead temple food.Tyrannical at that time bitter Qin, unique Jun heavy people’s life.Fu word ren kill base yong, Han dynasty general Qin Shi ling…A husband’s career, a king’s life, and death?Rivers and lakes and people are also easy to get, in Poyang latecomer.”References:Shiji hanshu (YanShiGu) historical researches “departure records the historical justice”, “water the note” annals of jiangxi province “” province Yang county annals” peak “oh genealogies” le province Yang chicken “oh genealogy Tan Qixiang” atlas of Chinese history Zhang Jianghong Wu Rui changsha countries establish the theory and its impact Zou Songlin “jiangxi to the cultural relics in the the chief Wu Rui” welcome thumb upForward concern three even oh!I am yuzhang festival envoy, and I together tea said history, boiled wine on heroes.

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